Yes, but solar “pollution” is politically correct.
Power Engineering reports:
… Manufacturing. Solar panel manufacturing generates a number of effluent gases contaminated with silane, trichlorosilane, dichlorosilane and hydrochloric acid (HCl), apart from chemicals like silicon, cadmium comPound s, germane and polyvinyl fluoride-all of which are hazardous to the environment and people who are exposed to them. This manufacturing process also requires raw materials that have to be mined-quartz sand for silicon cells and metal ore for thin-film cells.
These materials are treated at different stages (in the case of silicon cells, these include purification, crystallisation and wafering). Finally, these upgraded materials are manufactured into solar cells and assembled into modules.
All these processes lead to air pollution caused by emission of heavy metals and are highly energy consuming, which brings about more air pollution with emission of heavy metals and release of greenhouse gases. Given the scale at which solar manufacturing is anticipated in India, there is going to be an enormous release of hazardous chemicals and gaseous substances into the environment…