More ‘settled science’… land-based microbes harming coral reefs

Should be considered along with the recent study on the effects of “dead zones” on coral reefs.

Read about dead zones and coral reefs.

The media release for the microbe study is below.


Land-based microbes may be invading and harming coral reefs

A new study suggests that coral reefs–already under existential threat from global warming–may be undergoing further damage from invading bacteria and fungi coming from land-based sources, such as outfall from sewage treatment plants and coastal inlets. The study raised the possibility that microbes from these sources are invading reefs off of the southeastern coast of Florida. The research is published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

In the study, the researchers, led by Chan Lan Chun, PhD, Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering, Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota, Duluth, took water samples from coastal inlets, and from oceanic outfall effluent from water treatment plants along Florida’s southeastern coast, as well as from water and coral tissues in reefs. Their work showed that certain bacterial species and fungal families are present both in the land-based sources and in water and tissues within the coral reefs. The distance from the sewage outfall pipes to the reefs ranges from 5.5 to 25 miles.

The investigators used techniques called “high throughput next generation DNA sequencing” and to analyze each of the water samples to identify and quantify the bacteria and fungi living therein, said Chun.

They then used software called SourceTracker “to evaluate and quantify the potential contributions from each of the land-based sources to the reef,” said Chun.

The fact that a small number of previous studies have failed to find on other reefs the microbes that appear both on nearby land and on reefs in this study suggest that those microbes have invaded these reefs, said coauthor Michael Sadowsky PhD, professor of Soil, Water, and Climate, and director of the Biotechnology Institute, University of Minnesota, St. Paul. “The metagenomic data we have now strongly suggests that anthropogenic input sources are becoming established on reefs.”

Experiments would need to be done to prove the hypothesis, said Sadowsky. “We would need to infect part of a pristine reef in a lab mesocosm study and follow the microbial ecology–the growth and survival–of the microorganisms that become established on the reef.”

Assuming the hypothetical invaders actually are invaders, these microbes will have almost certainly changed the community structure of the reef microbiome. That could be damaging because the microbiome “plays various roles in nutrient cycling, coral health, and creating a habitat that is conducive to the various animals and plants that live in the reef,” Chun explained.

Thus, invaders would likely disrupt the ecology of the animal and plant communities of the reef, and since the coral depends on all of the above for its health and sustenance, it would likely be harmed as well, said Chun. She said that previous studies have shown that runoff from land can harm coral reefs by infecting the coral, and disrupting the ecology of the animals and plants, including preventing growth and reproduction of some species.


The American Society for Microbiology is the largest single life science society, composed of over 47,000 scientists and health professionals. ASM’s mission is to promote and advance the microbial sciences.

ASM advances the microbial sciences through conferences, publications, certifications and educational opportunities. It enhances laboratory capacity around the globe through training and resources. It provides a network for scientists in academia, industry and clinical settings. Additionally, ASM promotes a deeper understanding of the microbial sciences to diverse audiences.

4 thoughts on “More ‘settled science’… land-based microbes harming coral reefs”

  1. Sewage water should be ran through a series of sloughs, most if not all harmful microbes would be filtered out, rivers should run through deltas or intercoastal waterways, end of problem. That how nature is set up to handle it. Nature rivers that have a clear shot at the oceans generally are cold and have huge canyons for that cold water to drop into. Our draining sloughs, swamps and dredging rivers through deltas without locks are the biggest problems. Of course no one wants to look at the 900LB gorilla in the corner.

  2. “The study raised the possibility… ”
    “Experiments would need to be done to prove the hypothesis …”
    “That could be damaging …”

    so in other words it’s all speculative BS with no empirical data to back it up. Different day, same smell.

  3. The harm we’re seeing to Coral Reefs may be easier solved than you know!! Land based activity such as logging and excavating or Agriculture plowing near or on rivers and streams that feed into ocean and the resulting silt may be the real problem.
    There may also be sewage wase treatment plants that may be compounding the problem.
    Track down Jock Cousteau’s sons and have a talk with them and you may get the same I just told you.

  4. ‘The investigators used techniques called “high throughput next generation DNA sequencing” and to analyze each of the water samples to identify and quantify the bacteria and fungi living therein, said Chun.’
    This looks like a perfect setup for Confirmation Bias to me.

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