Worldwide electricity production vulnerable to climate and water resource change

Uh… climate change does not destroy water, the mist abundant substance on the planet.

The media release is below.

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Worldwide electricity production vulnerable to climate and water resource change
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS

Climate change impacts and associated changes in water resources could lead to reductions in electricity production capacity for more than 60% of the power plants worldwide from 2040-2069, according to a new study published today in the journal Nature Climate Change. Yet adaptation measures focused on making power plants more efficient and flexible could mitigate much of the decline.

“Hydropower plants and thermoelectric power plants–which are nuclear, fossil-, and biomass-fueled plants converting heat to electricity–both rely on freshwater from rivers and streams,” explains Michelle Van Vliet, a researcher at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria and Wageningen University in the Netherlands, who led the study. “These power-generating technologies strongly depend on water availability, and water temperature for cooling plays in addition a critical role for thermoelectric power generation.”

Together, hydropower and thermoelectric power currently contribute to 98% of electricity production worldwide.

Model projections show that climate change will impact water resources availability and will increase water temperatures in many regions of the world. A previous study by the researchers showed that reduced summer water availability and higher water temperatures associated with climate change could result in significant reductions in thermoelectric power supply in Europe and the United States.

This new study expands the research to a global level, using data from 24,515 hydropower and 1,427 thermoelectric power plants worldwide.

“This is the first study of its kind to examine the linkages between climate change, water resources, and electricity production on a global scale. We clearly show that power plants are not only causing climate change, but they might also be affected in major ways by climate,” says IIASA Energy Program Director Keywan Riahi, a study co-author.

“In particular the United States, southern South America, southern Africa, central and southern Europe, Southeast Asia and southern Australia are vulnerable regions, because declines in mean annual streamflow are projected combined with strong increases in water temperature under changing climate. This reduces the potential for both hydropower and thermoelectric power generation in these regions,” says Van Vliet.

The study also explored the potential impact of adaptation measures such as technological developments that increase power plant efficiency, switching from coal to more efficient gas-fired plants, or switching from freshwater cooling to air cooling or to seawater cooling systems for power plants on the coasts.

“We show that technological developments with increases in power plant efficiencies and changes in cooling system types would reduce the vulnerability to water constraints in most regions. Improved cross-sectoral water management during drought periods is of course also important,” says Van Vliet. “In order to sustain water and energy security in the next decades, the electricity focus will need to increase their focus on climate change adaptation in addition to mitigation.”

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3 thoughts on “Worldwide electricity production vulnerable to climate and water resource change”

  1. “In order to sustain water and energy security in the next decades” sounds to me like a euphemism for “In order to sustain water and energy CONTROL in the next decades.”
    One can only control a limited resource. Efforts to make the resources of energy and water more abundant and affordable by all (by building more power plants and desalination units) would undermine the ability of despots to control these resources and, therefore, the people who need then.

  2. Where does the water go? It can’t leave Earth. It is all ultimately recycled.

    We are surrounded by 1.3 billion cubic kilometers of water which can be made into pure water just by applying energy to it.

    Water is a political issue. Capture, storage, treatment and distribution are well understood engineering issues that require the political will to allocate money towards. This whole water issue is just a made up scare story that is moving to the front as the AGW bandwagon has fallen off the road.

  3. Call it the Peter Pan principle: You just gotta believe and whatever you believe strongly enough will then be true. Confabulate strongly in other words.

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