Claim: Climate change already accelerating sea level rise

But no one can actually see it — so models are required to make it up.

The media release is below.

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Climate change already accelerating sea level rise, study finds
Pinatubo eruption masked acceleration in satellite record

NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH/UNIVERSITY CORPORATION FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH

BOULDER, Colo. — Greenhouse gases are already having an accelerating effect on sea level rise, but the impact has so far been masked by the cataclysmic 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Satellite observations, which began in 1993, indicate that the rate of sea level rise has held fairly steady at about 3 millimeters per year. But the expected acceleration due to climate change is likely hidden in the satellite record because of a happenstance of timing: The record began soon after the Pinatubo eruption, which temporarily cooled the planet, causing sea levels to drop.

The new study finds that the lower starting point effectively distorts the calculation of sea level rise acceleration for the last couple of decades.

The study lends support to climate model projections, which show the rate of sea level rise escalating over time as the climate warms. The findings were published today in the open-access Nature journal Scientific Reports.

“When we used climate model runs designed to remove the effect of the Pinatubo eruption, we saw the rate of sea level rise accelerating in our simulations,” said NCAR scientist John Fasullo, who led the study. “Now that the impacts of Pinatubo have faded, this acceleration should become evident in the satellite measurements in the coming decade, barring another major volcanic eruption.”

Study co-author Steve Nerem, from the University of Colorado Boulder, added: “This study shows that large volcanic eruptions can significantly impact the satellite record of global average sea level change. So we must be careful to consider these effects when we look for the effects of climate change in the satellite-based sea level record.”

The findings have implications for the extent of sea level rise this century and may be useful to coastal communities planning for the future. In recent years, decision makers have debated whether these communities should make plans based on the steady rate of sea level rise measured in recent decades or based on the accelerated rate expected in the future by climate scientists.

The study was funded by NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation, which is NCAR’s sponsor.

Reconstructing a pre-Pinatubo world

Climate change triggers sea level rise in a couple of ways: by warming the ocean, which causes the water to expand, and by melting glaciers and ice sheets, which drain into the ocean and increase its volume. In recent decades, the pace of warming and melting has accelerated, and scientists have expected to see a corresponding increase in the rate of sea level rise. But analysis of the relatively short satellite record has not borne that out.

To investigate, Fasullo, Nerem, and Benjamin Hamlington of Old Dominion University worked to pin down how quickly sea levels were rising in the decades before the satellite record began.

Prior to the launch of the international TOPEX/Poseidon satellite mission in late 1992, sea level was mainly measured using tide gauges. While records from some gauges stretch back to the 18th century, variations in measurement technique and location mean that the pre-satellite record is best used to get a ballpark estimate of global mean sea level.

To complement the historic record, the research team used a dataset produced by running the NCAR-based Community Earth System Model 40 times with slightly different–but historically plausible–starting conditions. The resulting simulations characterize the range of natural variability in the factors that affect sea levels. The model was run on the Yellowstone system at the NCAR-Wyoming Supercomputing Center.

A separate set of model runs that omitted volcanic aerosols — particles spewed into the atmosphere by an eruption — was also assessed. By comparing the two sets of runs, the scientists were able to pick out a signal (in this case, the impact of Mount Pinatubo’s eruption) from the noise (natural variations in ocean temperature and other factors that affect sea level).

“You can’t do it with one or two model runs–or even three or four,” Fasullo said. “There’s just too much accompanying climate noise to understand precisely what the effect of Pinatubo was. We could not have done it without large numbers of runs.”

Using models to understand observations

Analyzing the simulations, the research team found that Pinatubo’s eruption caused the oceans to cool and sea levels to drop by about 6 millimeters immediately before TOPEX/Poseidon began recording observations.

As the sunlight-blocking aerosols from Mount Pinatubo dissipated in the simulations, sea levels began to slowly rebound to pre-eruption levels. This rebound swamped the acceleration caused by the warming climate and made the rate of sea level rise higher in the mid- to late 1990s than it would otherwise have been.

This higher-than-normal rate of sea level rise in the early part of the satellite record makes it appear that the rate of sea level rise has not accelerated over time and may actually have decreased somewhat. In fact, according to the study, if the Pinatubo eruption had not occurred–leaving sea level at a higher starting point in the early 1990s–the satellite record would have shown a clear acceleration.

“The satellite record is unable to account for everything that happened before the first satellite was launched, ” Fasullo said. “This study is a great example of how computer models can give us the historical context that’s needed to understand some of what we’re seeing in the satellite record.”

Understanding whether the rate of sea level rise is accelerating or remaining constant is important because it drastically changes what sea levels might look like in 20, 50, or 100 years.

“These scientists have disentangled the major role played by the 1991 volcanic eruption of Mt. Pinatubo on trends in global mean sea level,” said Anjuli Bamzai, program director in the National Science Foundation’s Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences, which funded the research. “This research is vital as society prepares for the potential effects of climate change.”

Because the study’s findings suggest that acceleration due to climate change is already under way, the acceleration should become evident in the satellite record in the coming decade, Fasullo said.

Since the original TOPEX/Poseidon mission, other satellites have been launched–Jason-1 in 2001 and Jason-2 in 2008–to continue tracking sea levels. The most recent satellite, Jason-3, launched on Jan. 17 of this year.

“Sea level rise is potentially one of the most damaging impacts of climate change, so it’s critical that we understand how quickly it will rise in the future,” Fasullo said. “Measurements from Jason-3 will help us evaluate what we’ve learned in this study and help us better plan for the future.”

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9 thoughts on “Claim: Climate change already accelerating sea level rise”

  1. More examples of Global Warming “hiding” behind natural signals, like the bogeyman you can’t see under your bed, both biding their time, waiting to lull you to sleep, and then ready to jump out and say “gotcha!” without warning! Or is that without “warming?”

  2. “Satellite observations, which began in 1993 , indicate that the rate of sea level rise has held fairly steady at about 3 millimeters per year. ”
    That’s only about 20 years. Tide gauge readings (raw data) at 22 sites globally that extend 120 years or more have been analyzed. This makes Pinatubo irrelevant.
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2014/04/25/the-elusive-60-year-sea-level-cycle/
    The data not only does not support an increasing acceleration, it does not support an overall acceleration in the rate of sea level rise. The data DOES reveal that variations in the sea level, after accounting for a linear trend (~3 mm/year, or one foot per century), show only uncorrelated idiosyncratic variations that do not even have a discernible periodicity – anywhere.

  3. The moon’s gravitational cycle causes tectonic plate rise by 18″. And they measure changes in millimeters!
    Do you think they settle back in their original positions?
    Since most of the world’s population lives on the coasts of continents, subsidence caused by aquifer depletion is also factor not consider by these alleged experts.

  4. It must be real– I just saw that the RIO opening ceremonies had visual evidence of climate change ocean rise ravaging coastlines.

    It puzzled me how sea level can be consistently measured to the nearest millimeter until I read a couple of articles by people who appeared to know what they were talking about which said that the alleged accuracy of published levels is an illusion at best, a fraud at worst.

  5. Help me, I’m more confused that before. CO2 (among other things) cause a greenhouse effect on surface temperatures that increase global temperatures. According to this article, “Climate change triggers sea level rise in a couple of ways: by warming the ocean, which causes the water to expand, and by melting glaciers and ice sheets, which drain into the ocean and increase its volume.”
    Yet, the article also says that “the research team found that Pinatubo’s eruption caused the oceans to cool and sea levels to drop by about 6 millimeters.”
    I’m not a “climate scientist”, but I did stay at a Holiday Inn Express last night. If some people are really concerned about “global warming” and are convinced that one of the worst results are rising sea levels, it seems to me we want more major volcano eruptions; or put another way, we want more CO2 in our atmosphere so the earth will cool and the sea level will drop.
    I can see a day when the UN will tax the tiny island chains to subsidize the coal industry!

  6. This bogus bat guano has to be the most laughable use of computer simulations I have ever encountered. And, in my career I have encountered many blatant missuses of computer simulations to bolster an otherwise completely unsustainable outcome. Before I retired I delivered many papers on the subject of computer simulations at conferences in the U. S. as well as Europe, so I do believe that I am familiar with the subject.

    This NASA funded study is nothing but a pile of rancid garbage, and I care not just what super computing facility was employed to criminally waste taxpayer dollars. Any computer simulation can be tweaked to produce any desired output. If initial answers are not the sought after results, then all one needs to do is perturb the initial or boundary conditions an rerun the simulation. Repeat this procedure until the desired outcome is achieved.

    The pseudo scientist that ran this so-called study actually admitted this when he stated that simulations were run until the so-called Pinatubo signature supposedly emerged. In the article this so_called scientist actually admitted that simulations (plural) were run at a super computing facility. As if a super computing facility lends any credibility to the story.

    Or, as in Gilbert and Sullivan’s light opera “The Mikado” — “merely corroborative detail added to lend an aura of verisimilitude to an otherwise bald and uncompromising tale”!!!

  7. It is scary the lengths the establishment will go to when trying to invent problems for us. This is palpable nonsense which, like climate science, tries to isolate one aspect of our planet’s behaviour and pretend that it means something about our activities.

    No wonder people are losing their trust in science with all these activists abusing it to advance their agenda. Sea level measurement to tenths of a millimeter, seriously!

  8. Why would we expect anything different? These are the same people who tell us that “natural” cooling of the atmosphere is “masking” the real global warming that the CO2 humans release is causing. It’s there but we just can’t see or measure it. Kinda like dark matter and dark energy in space.

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