The NRDC likes the new proposed rules. Their experts say the rules are popular, workable and will address climate change. Would the NRDC and their experts like to build a new coal fired plant and show us how doable carbon capture and storage is?http://www.enewspf.com/latest-news/science/science-a-environmental/49933-nrdc-experts-epa-carbon-pollution-limits-for-new-power-plants-workable-popular-and-would-address-climate-change.html
Carbon capture and storage is being done only in federally funded “demonstration” projects. The ones that have a chance of working are near oil fields so the CO2 can be used for enhanced oil recovery. The other option is deep well injection of stack gas. Getting a deepwell injection project is tough. I’m sure if you put up a permit application for a coal power plant with CCS by deep well injection, the NRDC would be there wailing mightily about the evils of that plant.
Permitting for almost any combustion source must perform a BACT analysis for CO2 emissions. The BACT looks at feasibility and cost. It’s easy now because the infrastructure to capture the stack gas and transport it so some deepwell injection site is not there. The deep well site isn’t there either.
So, if you are building a coal powered plant, or even a natural gas plant, what do you do with the stack gas? Chill and dewater it, followed by some sort of separation tor the CO2? Put in a CO2 recovery plant? Then do you transport the liquid CO2 to some place that can inject it, or try to find a market? In any method the cost becomes prohibitive.
The EPA’s rules effectively end new coal power plants. Maybe the experts at the NRDC will build, design and permit a coal plant with CCS. They say it is doable.