Claim: Bullying caused by childhood exposure to secondhand smoke

This is junk science because…

… behavior is a multifactorial phenomenon that was not adequately studied in the least by these knuckleheads.

The media release is below.

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Aggressive behavior linked specifically to secondhand smoke exposure in childhood

Groundbreaking study controls for smoking during pregnancy and antisocial parents

This news release is available in French.

Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke in early childhood are more likely to grow up to physically aggressive and antisocial, regardless of whether they were exposed during pregnancy or their parents have a history of being antisocial, according to Linda Pagani and Caroline Fitzpatrick of the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine hospital. No study to date has controlled for these factors. “Secondhand smoke is in fact more dangerous that inhaled smoke, and 40% of children worldwide are exposed to it. Moreover, exposure to this smoke at early childhood is particularly dangerous, as the child’s brain is still developing,” Pagani said. “I looked at data that was collected about 2,055 kids from their birth until ten years of age, including parent reports about secondhand smoke exposure and from teachers and children themselves about classroom behaviour. Those having been exposed to secondhand smoke, even temporarily, were much more likely to report themselves as being more aggressive by time they finished fourth grade.” The study was published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health on May 21, 2013.

Given that it would be unethical to exposure children to secondhand smoke, Pagani relied on longitudinal data collected by Quebec health authorities from birth onward on an annual basis. Because parents went about raising their children while participating in the study, the data provided a natural experiment of variations in the child population of household smoke exposure throughout early childhood. Although no direct causal link can be determined, the statistical correlation suggests that secondhand smoke exposure does forecast deviant behavior in later childhood. The very detailed information collated for the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development enabled her to do something no other researcher has done to date: distinguish the unique contribution of secondhand smoke exposure on children’s later deviant behavior. “Previous studies looking at groups of children have generally asked mothers whether they smoked or not, and how much at each follow-up, rather than asking whether someone smoked in the home where young children live and play,” Dr. Pagani said. “Furthermore, few studies have looked at antisocial behaviour in the parents and even fewer have investigated the subsequent influence of prolonged exposure to secondhand smoke over the long term. None have taken into account the fact that disadvantaged families are less likely to participate in a long study like this one, which of course skews the statistics.”

The statistics are backed by other biological studies into the effects of smoke on the brain. Secondhand smoke comprises 85% sidestream smoke emanated from a burning cigarette and 15% inhaled and then exhaled mainstream smoke. Sidestream smoke is considered more toxic than mainstream smoke because it contains a higher concentration of many dispersed respirable pollutants over a longer exposure period. “We know that the starvation of oxygen caused by smoke exposure in the developing central nervous system can cause low birth weight and slowed fetal brain growth,” Dr. Pagani said. “Environmental sources of tobacco smoke represent the most passive and preventable cause of disease and disability. This study suggests that the postnatal period is important for the prevention of impaired neurobehavioral development and makes the case for the promotion of an unpolluted domestic environment for children.”

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10 responses to “Claim: Bullying caused by childhood exposure to secondhand smoke

  1. Never fear. Adults who were not exposed to secondhand smoke in early childhood but are currently physically aggressive and antisocial will be found to be this way as a result of global ̶c̶o̶o̶l̶i̶n̶g̶ w̶a̶r̶m̶i̶n̶g̶ climate change.

  2. I find myself doubting the rigor of the data collection and definition for openers.
    Probably more people who smoke around their children are also aggressive and potentially abusive because smoking in the last 30-40 years has been more about defiance than about adulthood (mileage varies greatly of course). I suspect you’d find a similar correlation to second-hand alcohol fume exposure, i.e. kids who have smelled a lot of spilled liquor may also have a greater propensity to bully. In either case, if the correlation held up, I’d say it related to behavior modelling by the parents.
    Could I be wrong? Of course. And since I’m a conservative, I’ll acknowledge it.

  3. Second hand smoke causes global warming and kills polar bears. There I beat them to the results of the next study .

  4. One thing that does correlate inversely with smoking is household income. I wonder of they corrected for income differences or poverty levels.

  5. I mentioned problems with definition of terms before. One problem would be the term “bullying” itself. Every group larger than about two has to establish dominance roles. Is asserting dominance necessarily bullying? I wouldn’t say so. I’d say bullying was the specific use of demeaning, aggressive or cruel methods to control others. I might include using those methods and rewards also to create in-groups and outsiders.

  6. Also, Nicotine is a stimulant, so I guess that could get one a little juiced so to speak which can cause aggression.

  7. If I had smelt tobacco when I was a kid, and no one would give me a smoke, I would have been angry too.

  8. I think it was a combination of eating broccoli and speaking French. That will make anyone lash out at weaker/smaller people. How is “sidestream smoke” more “toxic” than “mainstream smoke”? it’s from the same fire/fuel!

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