Review: 'Least Toxic Pesticides' Applied as a 'Last Resort'

“Recommendations and decisions to use “least toxic pesticides” and “pesticides as a last resort” have flourished in the last decade, but according to three scientific organizations – the Weed Science Society of America (WSSA), the American Phytopathological Society (APS) and the Plant-Insect Ecosystems Section of the Entomological Society of America (P-IE ESA) – these are not the correct approaches to the pesticide component of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program.” [Weed Science Society of America]


  1. Balancing wetlands protection, preventing immunity, and maximizing utility may lead to some silly sounding societies, but the advice given in the article is sound.


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