Hydraulic fracturing (or fracking) does not use only a lot of water, but also a lot of sand.
In the US a whole new sandmining (or “frac-sand mining”) industry has been created on the crest of the shale gas revolution. Environmental reporter Ellen Cantarow describes the devastating consequences this industry has on some rural communities in the US. “The big thing is, you’re removing the hills that you can’t replace. They’re a huge water manufacturing factory that Mother Nature gave us, and they’re gone.”